Year 7 Grammar – Word Classes

Year 7, Week 4: Word classes

You will have come across most of these word classes before but it is important to revise them and make sure that you are clear about the differences between them.

Nouns: These are words for things.

Common nouns are words that name a type of person or thing e.g. dog, caretaker, man, clarinet, doctor.

Proper nouns are words are the names of particular people and places, groups, months and days of the week. They always have a capital letter. e.g. Southampton, January, Tuesday, Jonathan, London

Collective nouns are words for a group of things. e.g. pack of wolves, pride of lions, school of fish, bunch of flowers, herd of cows, fleet of lorries

Abstract nouns are things, ideas or concepts that you cannot touch, see or hear. e.g. anger, happiness, freedom, joy, life, truth, boredom, wish, confusion

Verbs: These are words for actions e.g. kick, wish, jump, eat, throw, shout

They are also words for being, using the verb to be e.g. am, is, were, are, was

Verbs can help to form the active voice when the person doing the verb comes before the verb e.g. Darren made a lasagne.

In the passive voice, the person doing the verb comes after the verb. Darren is no longer the subject of the sentence but he is still doing the verb. e.g. The lasagne was made by Darren.

There are three words that are called articles: A, An and The

‘A’ and ‘An are used for general things.

  • e.g. Pass me a pen.   (It doesn’t matter which one)    
  • Have you had an apple today?

Use ‘an’ before a word beginning with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u).   e.g. an egg

Use ‘a’ before a word beginning with a consonant.   e.g. a party

 ‘The’ is used for specific things. e.g.Pass me the pen. (There is a particular pen that you want and are talking about)Have you eaten the apple I left out for you? (There is a specific apple being talked about)

Look out for exceptions…

  • When a word begins with a silent ‘h’ e.g. hour, you would use ‘an.’ It took me an hour to get to school.
  • When a word sounds like it’s beginning with a ‘y’ e.g. ‘Unicorn’ use ‘a’. I have never seen a unicorn because they aren’t real.
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