Year 9 Week 4: Possessive apostrophes and Its and It’s
Revise this information about possessive apostrophes and its and it’s from Year 8:
We add an apostrophe and ‘s’ to show that something belongs to someone e.g. Sarah’s pencil case or Margaret’s favourite chocolates.
If a word already ends in an ‘s’ you should still add an apostrophe but you do not need to add an ‘s’ e.g. Jesus’ disciples, Thomas’ book
If a word is plural and ends in an s, you would also use an apostrophe without an ‘s’ e.g. The cats’ food, the pupils’ bags
If a word is plural but doesn’t end in an ‘s’ e.g. women or men, then you add apostrophe ‘s’ as usual e.g. The women’s tennis final, the men’s toilets.
However, there is ONE exception to the normal possessive apostrophe rules.
If you are writing about something that belongs to an ‘it’, you would NOT put it’s. You would put its.
e.g. The fox is looking for its nest.
This is because it’s already exists! It is a contraction of it is. (or it has)
e.g. It’s freezing in here. (It is freezing in here.)
It’s learnt to fly. (It has)
We bend the rules so that we can tell the difference between these two words.
e.g. That dog has lost its bone. It’s searching everywhere.