Year 7, Week 5: Commas
- You should put commas between items in a list:
I hate marmite, honey, celery and blue cheese.
- You should use them to separate two adjectives when they are describing different aspects of something:
She is a kind, caring mother.
- If you open a word with However or Nevertheless, you should use a comma after them.
However, the boys chose to sell to the public anyway.
Nevertheless, she kept going.
- d) You should also use commas to separate extra information – subordinate clauses.
When I get to school, I put on my shoes.
‘When I get to school’ depends on the rest of the sentence to make sense. It is a subordinate clause so it needs a comma.
John, who was tired, pulled into the service station.
‘Who was tired’ is a subordinate clause. It doesn’t make sense on its own but the rest of the sentence would make sense without it: John pulled into the service station. It is a subordinate clause so we use commas to separate it from the rest of the sentence.
- We would not advise you to use a comma with connectives like and, but or so that join two sentences together. Although some grammatical systems suggest using them, in the case of connectives, they are redundant.
- e.g I am good at tennis but my brother isn’t. There is no need to use a comma as the sentence makes clear sense without one.