Year 8 Grammar – Sentence Variety 2

Year 8, Week 7: Sentence Variety 2

In your writing, you need to be using a variety of complex sentences, in addition to simple and compound sentences.

Forming complex sentences

A complex sentence consists of a main clause (or simple sentence), which makes sense on its own and a subordinate clause (or dependent clause), which relies on the rest of the sentence to make sense.

e.g. When I go home, I eat toast.

‘I eat toast’ is a main clause and makes sense on its own.

‘When I go home,’ relies on the other half of the sentence to make sense.

Subordinators

You can form complex sentences by opening your sentence with a number of words that create subordinate clauses. These are called subordinators.

Common subordinators are:
When
If
After
During
Whilst
Because
Since
Although
As

Punctuation and subordinators
 
Because opening a sentence with these words creates a subordinate clause, you MUST have a comma later in the sentence to separate it from the main clause. (look again at this sentence)

or      When I go into town, my friend comes with me.

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