Re-read stave 1 of A Christmas Carol.
Task 1: Write a Summary of Stave One: Marley’s GhostOn a foggy __________________ in London, a shrewd, mean-spirited cheapskate named Ebenezer Scrooge works meticulously in his counting-house. Outside the office creaks a little sign reading “__________________”. Jacob Marley, Scrooge’s business partner, has died seven years previous. Inside the office, Scrooge watches over his clerk, a poor man named Bob Cratchit. The smoldering ashes in the fireplace provide little heat even for Bob’s __________________ room. Despite the harsh weather Scrooge refuses to pay for another lump of __________________ to __________________ the office.
Suddenly, a ruddy-faced young man bursts into the office offering holiday greetings: “Merry Christmas!”. The young man is Scrooge’s jolly __________________ Fred who has stopped by to invite Scrooge to Christmas dinner. The grumpy Scrooge responds with a “Bah! Humbug!” refusing to share in Fred’s Christmas __________________. After Fred departs, a pair of portly gentlemen enters the office to ask Scrooge for a charitable __________________ to help the poor. Scrooge angrily replies that prisons and __________________ are the only charities he is willing to support and the gentlemen leave empty-handed. Scrooge confronts Bob Cratchit, __________________ about Bob’s wish to take a day off for the holiday. He begrudgingly agrees to give Bob a day off but insists that he arrive at the office all the earlier the next day.
Scrooge follows the same old routine, taking dinner in his usual __________________ and returning home through the dismal, fog-blanketed __________________ streets. Just before entering his house, the __________________ on his front door, catches his attention. A ghostly image in the curves of the knocker gives the old man a momentary __________________: it is the peering face of Jacob Marley! When Scrooge takes a second look, he sees nothing but a doorknocker. With a disgusted “Pooh-pooh,” Scrooge opens the door and trudges into his bleak quarters. He makes little effort to brighten his home: “__________________” is cheap, and Scrooge liked it”. As he plods up the wide staircase, Scrooge, in utter disbelief, sees a locomotive hearse climbing the stairs beside him.
After rushing to his __________________, Scrooge locks the door behind him and puts on his dressing gown. As he eats his __________________ before the fire, the carvings on his __________________ suddenly transform into images of Jacob Marley’s face. Scrooge, determined to dismiss the strange visions, blurts out “Humbug!”. All the bells in the room fly up from the tables and begin to __________________ sharply. Scrooge hears footsteps thumping up the stairs. A ghostly figure floats through the closed door – Jacob Marley, transparent and bound in chains.
Scrooge shouts in disbelief, __________________ to admit that he sees __________________ ghost–a strange case of food poisoning, he claims. The ghost begins to murmur: he has spent __________________ years wandering the Earth in his heavy __________________ as punishment for his sins. The ghost tells Scrooge that he has come from beyond the grave to save him from this very fate. He says that Scrooge will be __________________ by __________________ spirits over the next three nights – the first __________________ appearing at one o’clock in the morning and the final spirit arriving at the last stroke of midnight. He rises and backs toward the window, which opens almost magically, leaving a trembling Scrooge __________________ with fear. The ghost __________________ to Scrooge to look out the window, and Scrooge complies. He sees a throng of spirits, each bound in chains. They __________________ about their failure to lead honourable, caring lives and their __________________ to reach out to others in need as they and Marley disappear into the mist. Scrooge stumbles to his bed and falls instantly asleep.
|mantelpiece||gestures||Scrooge & Marley||refusing|
Task 2: Questions – Answer in full sentences using evidence from the text wherever possible.
- Who is Jacob Marley?
- Who is Bob Cratchit?
- Scrooge is a solitary as an… – What technique is this? What does it suggest about Scrooge in stave one?
- Who are the charitable gentlemen collecting for?
- What does Scrooge want to decrease? Which historical figure does this relate to?
- What is Marley weighed down by?
- What does Marley say was his ‘business’? What does it suggest about how Marley is changed in death?