Poverty and Nurses Themed Language Paper 2 Practice Papers

Poverty Themed Language Paper 210. Nurses deserve better pay. LETTER EXPLAIN MLyPAPER 2A and B NURSING MLY


Key Vocabulary for Each Character – AIC

Use these word to revise key points that you can make about the characters within An Inspector Calls.

Mrs Birling:

Prejudiced Having or showing a dislike or distrust that is derived from a biased opinion e.g. Mrs Birling taking an instant dislike to Eva because she used her name.
Stereotypical Relating to a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing e.g. Mrs Birling making assumptions about Eva because she is working class ‘As if a girl of that sort of class would ever refuse money’
Unsympathetic Not feeling, showing, or expressing sympathy e.g. her reaction to her daughter when Sheila discovers Gerald has cheated.
Exploitative Making use of a situation or treating others unfairly in order to gain an advantage or benefit e.g. Mrs Birling reminds the Inspector that Mr Birling was a Lord Mayor and is still a magistrate in an attempt to imply this will help them get out of the situation.
Boastful Showing excessive pride and self-satisfaction in one’s achievements, possessions, or abilities e.g. when speaking to the inspector Mrs Birling reminds him that they are a respected family.
Ignorant Lacking knowledge or awareness in general e.g. Mrs Birling is unable to learn anything from the Inspector’s visit.
Grandiose Extravagantly or pretentiously imposing in appearance or style e.g. The description of the Birlings’ residence in the opening stage directions.
Orthodox Following or conforming to the traditional or generally accepted rules or beliefs of a religion, philosophy, or practice e.g. Acts and behaves how women from middle/upper class did in 1912, e.g. Sheila and her mother leave the room so the men can talk.
Imperious Arrogant and domineering. E.g. the way Mrs Birling refuses to answer questions from the Inspector.
Conceited Excessively proud of oneself. E.g. when Eva used the family name Mrs Birling said ‘She’d impertinently made use of our name’ highlighting how she considers their name to be of great importance.
Obstinate Stubbornly refusing to change one’s opinion or chosen course of action, despite attempts to persuade one to do so. E.g. Sheila pleading with her mum to be quiet when she is talking about the father of the baby.
Arrogant Having or revealing an exaggerated sense of one’s own importance or abilities. E.g. when referring to Eva ‘Girls of that class –‘showing how she believes because she is from upper class she is more important.
Cruel Wilfully causing pain or suffering to others, or feeling no concern about it e.g. Mrs Birling refusing help to Eva.

Mr Birling:

Ostentatious Characterised by pretentious or showy display e.g.  When celebrating the engagement he refers to the port as being the one Gerald’s father drinks, and therefore boasting. 
Condescending Having or showing an attitude of patronising superiority e.g. when he meets the inspector he informs him ‘I was an alderman for years – and Lord Mayor two years ago – and I’m still on the Bench – so I know the Brumley officers pretty well’ to show his importance.
Belittling Dismiss (someone or something) as unimportant e.g. when discussing the possibility of war he says ‘Fiddlesticks! The Germans don’t want war. Nobody wants war.’
Arrogant Having or revealing an exaggerated sense of one’s own importance or abilities e.g. when talking to Gerald he boast that he believes he will be knighted.
Conservative Averse to change or innovation and holding traditional values e.g. when referring to the socialist idea he says ‘community and all that nonsense’
Patriarchal Relating to or denoting a system of society or government controlled by men e.g. Birling makes references to him having been an Alderman, Lord Mayor and Magistrate.
Narcissistic Having or showing an excessive interest in or admiration of oneself e.g.  Mr Birling remind the family and Gerald he is ‘a hard-headed business man’  he shares his views to the family and talks about his opinions and doesn’t listen to others, especially Eric.
Rapacious Aggressively greedy or grasping e.g. Mr Birling is concerned about money ‘Lower cost and higher prices’
Covetous Having or showing a great desire to possess something belonging to someone else e.g. when Birling talks about expanding his business and wanting to improve his status to become knighted.
Brazen Bold and without shame e.g. when discussing his unwillingness to accept responsibility for sacking Eva ‘I can’t accept any responsibility’
Obstinate Stubbornly refusing to change one’s opinion or chosen course of action, despite attempts to persuade one to do so. E.g. Sheila points out that Mr and Mrs Birling have learnt nothing from the Inspectors visit ‘The point is that you don’t seem to have learnt anything’
Static Lacking in change, action especially in an undesirable way. E.g. Mr Birling feels he is not responsible at the beginning of the play and this belief does not change throughout.
Avaricious Having or showing an extreme greed for wealth or material gain. E.g. when speaking at his daughter’s engagement party he demonstrates his love of money by mentioning how the uniting of the families will bring Croft Limited and Birling and company together therefore make him richer.


Materialistic ​Excessively​ ​concerned​ ​with​ ​material possessions;​ ​money-oriented e.g. when receiving the ring from Gerald she says ‘Now I really feel engaged’
Infantile ​Of​ ​or​ ​occurring​ ​among​ ​babies​ ​or​ ​very​ ​ children young;​ ​childish e.g. refers to her parents as ‘mummy’ ‘daddy’ and is treated like a child by them, told to leave the room.
Naïve Showing​ ​a​ ​lack​ ​of​ ​experience,​ ​wisdom,​ ​or judgement. E.g. is shocked to discover the true harsh of reality regarding girls like Eva. Her comment about Eva shows just how sheltered her life has been ‘She was pretty and looked as if she could take care of herself’
Remorseful Filled​ ​with​ ​remorse;​ ​sorry. E.g. from the minute she learns of her involvement Sheila changes, she instantly admits her responsibility ‘I know I’m to blame’ and from then on in she matures and faces her guilt head on stating ‘I’ll never do it again to anybody’
Petulant Childishly​ ​sulky​ ​or​ ​bad-tempered e.g. the relationship she has with Eric at the beginning of the play is very childlike she says Eric is ‘squiffy’ and is excitable. In addition, her behaviour at Milwards when trying on the dress supports how childlike she acted believing Eva had laughed at her she then demanded her to be sacked.
Obedient Complying​ ​or​ ​willing​ ​to​ ​comply​ ​with​ ​an​ ​order​ ​or request e.g. initially in the play she does as her parents instruct of her, and acts like a typical woman for middle class, leaving the men to chat and drink whilst joining her mother in the other room.
Oppressed Subject​ ​to​ ​harsh​ ​and​ ​authoritarian​ ​treatment. E.g. when the Inspector revealed her part in the death of Eva she left the room and when she returned it was clear her father had told her it wasn’t her fault. She was also ordered to go to her room on occasions demonstrating she was treated in a dictatorship way.
Independent Free​ ​from​ ​outside​ ​control;​ ​not​ ​subject​ ​to another’s​ ​authority. E.g. Sheila is the first member of the family to understand the Inspector’s purpose, she stands up to her parents, Gerald and speaks her mind freely. To her parents she says ‘No, because I remember what he said, How he looked, and what he made me feel. Fire and blood and anguish. And it frightens me the way you talk’
Compassionate Feeling​ ​or​ ​showing​ ​sympathy​ ​and​ ​concern for​ ​others e.g. when learning of why her father sacked Eva she said ‘These girls aren’t cheap labour – they’re people.’
Altruistic Showing a disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others; unselfish. E.g. even though her mother has behaved cruelly towards Eva, when Mrs Birling is ranting about the father being responsible Sheila tries to stop her from making a fool of herself. ‘Do stop before it is too late’
Penitent Feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong; repentant. E.g. Sheila makes many comments to show she feels regret ‘And if I could help her now, I would.’ ‘But that won’t bring Eva Smith back to life, will it?’  ‘Between us we drove that girl to commit suicide.’
Perceptive Having or showing sensitive insight. E.g. Sheila makes the biggest change of any character she is naïve to begin with but then quickly matures and understands the Inspector’s purpose she says ‘No, he’s giving us the rope – so that we’ll hang ourselves.


Bourgeois​ ​Belonging​ ​to​ ​or​ ​characteristic​ ​of​ ​the​ ​middle class,​ ​typically​ ​with​ ​reference​ ​to​ ​its​ ​perceived​ ​materialistic values​ ​or​ ​conventional​ ​attitudes e.g. Eric has been born into a middle class family and has been given a job at his father’s company. It is expected he will take over the company in the future.
Sheltered Protected​ ​or​ ​shielded​ ​from​ ​something​ ​harmful e.g. Eric is treated as a child by his parents.
Privileged ​Having​ ​special​ ​rights,​ ​advantages,​ ​or immunities e.g. Eric being born into the family allows him at the beginning of the play to appear to be untouchable. Through his lack of responsibility given to him by his parents and being treated like a child.
Cowardly Lacking​ ​courage e.g. in the opening stage direction Eric is described as ‘In his early twenties, not quite at ease, half shy, half assertive’
Guilty Responsible​ ​for​ ​a​ ​specified​ ​wrongdoing e.g. when he describes his encounter with Eva ‘I was in a state when a chap easily turns nasty.’
Culpable ​Deserving​ ​blame e.g. Eric symbolised how those with money get what they want at the beginning of the play and for his treatment of Eva/Daisy. Therefore deserving the blame he felt through his abuse of power.
Aware Having​ ​knowledge​ ​or​ ​perception​ ​of​ ​a​ ​situation​ ​or fact e.g. after the inspector has left and the family learn he was not a real inspector Eric says to his parents ‘You’re beginning to pretend as if nothing’s really happened at all. And I can’t see it like that. The girl’s still dead, isn’t she?’
Responsible Being​ ​the​ ​primary​ ​cause​ ​of​ ​something​ ​and​ ​so able​ ​to​ ​be​ ​blamed​ ​or​ ​credited​ ​for​ ​it e.g. Eric accepts his part in the death of Eva, and also is prepared to face the consequences for his action he states ‘we helped to kill her.’
Humbled To​ ​feel​ ​less​ ​important​ ​or​ ​proud e.g. when addressing Mr Birling at the end of the play who is concerned he will not get his knighthood he says ‘What does it matter now whether they give you a knighthood or not?’ showing he has been humbled by the events and is trying to show his father this too.
Reckless Showing a lack of care or attention of danger or the consequences of ones actions; rash or impetuous e.g. Eric drinks and acts in a way that shows he is reckless in act one during the family gathering, he makes comments towards Sheila.
Dishonest Behaving or prone to behave in an untrustworthy, deceitful, or insincere way. E.g. Eric has stolen money from his father’s business. 
Penitent Feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong; repentant e.g. at the very end of the play after discovering the Inspector was a fake, he states ‘he was our police inspector all right.’ Unlike his parents he still doesn’t want to forget the lesson they have learnt and sees nothing has changed as they all did what they were shown to have done.
Altruistic Showing a disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others; unselfish e.g. his actions towards Eva when he first met her ‘I wasn’t in love with her or anything- but I liked her- she was pretty and a good sport-‘showing how he gave little concern for her feelings or what she wanted.


Proud Feeling deep pleasure or satisfaction as a result of one’s own achievements, qualities, or possessions e.g. feels he is a trophy husband for Sheila (To Sheila) ‘I hope I can make you as happy as you deserve to be.’
Aristocratic Of, belonging to, or typical of the aristocracy /upper classes e.g. holds the same view as Mr Birling and his father as to how their business should be run. He says after hearing Birling sacked Eva ‘You couldn’t have done anything else’
Manipulative Exercising unscrupulous control or influence over a person or situation e.g. admits his relationship with Daisy progressed because he allowed it to, he set her up in a flat and gave her money.
Duplicitous Deceitful e.g. lead Daisy on by setting her up in a flat and giving her money, but then dropping her when he realised it couldn’t go anywhere ‘I didn’t feel about her as she felt about me.’
Advantaged Having a comparatively favourable position in terms of economic or social circumstances. E.g. being the son of Lord and Lady Croft Gerald is the perfect son-in-law for the Birlings. Gerald and Sheila’s engagement offers the possibility of uniting the families.
Self-serving Having concern for one’s own welfare and interests before those of others e.g. seeks to dismiss the inspector and implies the photograph he showed of Eva/Daisy could have been a different one each time.
Conniving Given to or involved in conspiring to do something immoral, illegal, or harmful. E.g. his behaviour towards Sheila, having a six month affair with Daisy. Also at the end of Act 1 beginning of Act 2 he asks Sheila to not mention that he knew the name Daisy Renton the inspector. Sheila responds with ‘(laughs rather hysterically) Why – you fool – he knows. Of course he knows. And I hate to think how much he knows that we don’t know yet. You’ll see. You’ll see.’
Philandering (Of a man) readily or frequently enter into casual sexual relationships with women e.g. began a relationship with Daisy despite being in a relationship with Sheila (Sheila to Gerald) ‘Except for last summer when you wouldn’t come near me.’
Charming Very pleasant or attractive e.g. in the opening stage direction Gerald is described as ‘An attractive chap about thirty, rather too manly to be dandy but very much the easy well-bred young man-about-town’
Ingratiating Intended to gain approval or favour e.g. in act 3 Gerald returns, he announces to the family after speaking to a policeman that he believes the inspector to be a fraud. Allowing to win favour with the older Birlings.
Static Lacking in movement, action, or change, especially in an undesirable or uninteresting way e.g. quick to revert to normality after discovering the inspector wasn’t a real one, he assumed he could pick up his relationship with Sheila now ‘Everything’s all right now, Sheila. Demonstrating that like the older Birlings he has learnt nothing from the inspector.

The Inspector:

Omniscient Knowing everything e.g. the inspector seems to have a deep knowledge of the whole family and uses this when he questions them.
Solid Firm and stable e.g. the Inspector does not get drawn into any petty quarrels, he questions the characters one at a time and remains unfazed by their reactions.
Socialist One who believes that the means of production should be owned by or regulated by the community as a whole e.g. The Inspector represents socialism through his actions and being the voice of Eva, reminding the family that they do not live alone. Furthermore, he represents Priestley and his view point and the attempts to encourage those in society that held the same views as the character Birling to be more caring towards other and want an equal society to live in.


Concerned with the principles of right and wrong behaviour e.g. in his final speech he says ‘If men will not learn that lesson, then they will be taught it in fire and blood and anguish.’ Allowing the reader to consider that the inspector is saying the ‘lesson’ that needs to be learnt is we should take responsibility for each other and our actions and the community. He is also correctly predicting the wars that will happen.
Authoritative Commanding and self-confident; likely to be respected and obeyed e.g. in the stage direction he is described as ‘He speaks carefully, weightily and has a disconcerting habit of looking hard at the person he addresses before actually speaking.’ In addition, he controls the room the lighting changes from ‘pink and intimate’ to ‘brighter and harder’ once he arrives.
Influential Having great influence on someone or something e.g. in the stage directions the Inspector is described as ‘need not be a big man but he creates at once an impression of massiveness, solidity and purposefulness’ demonstrates he is an influential character. Also, Mrs Birling comments that he has had an great influence on Sheila and the Inspector states ‘Are the most impressionable’
Dynamic Characterised by constant change, activity, or progress e.g. his questioning of the family ‘It’s the way I like to work. One person and one line of enquiry at a time’ he chooses who sees the picture he has of Eva and uses his knowledge of the characters to give hints to how much information he has on them.
Magnifying Make (something) appear larger than it is e.g. the Inspector tells the family ‘it’s better to ask for the earth than to take it.’ Also when referring to Eva’s death says ‘A girl dies tonight. A pretty, lively sort of girl, who never did anybody any harm. But she died in misery and agony – hating life’
Humbling Cause (someone) to feel less important or proud e.g. when talking to Mrs Birling about her actions towards Eva he states ‘You’ve had children. You must have known what she was feeling. And you slammed the door in her face’
Noble Having or showing fine personal qualities or high moral principles e.g. when addressing Birling her states ‘Public men, Mr Birling, have responsibilities as well as privileges –‘
Antithesis A person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something e.g. the inspector is a socialist and Mr Birling is a capitalist their views and opinions are the antithesis of each other’s. 

Eva Smith/ Daisy Renton:

Stoical Enduring pain and hardship without showing one’s feelings and complaining e.g. the inspector informed the family Eva had ‘ No work, no money coming in, and living in lodgings with no relatives to help her’
Diligent Having or showing care and conscientiousness in one’s work and duties e.g. putting herself in danger of losing her job because she felt passionate about how others were paid as well as herself.
Righteous Morally right or justifiable e.g. her refusal to accept the money from Eric as she knew it was stolen even though this meant she had nothing.
Audacious Showing a willingness to take surprisingly bold risks e.g. leading the strike at Birling’s factory because she believed they deserved to be paid more money.
Vulnerable Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally e.g. Eva/Daisy has placed herself in many situation where she was vulnerable when Gerald saved her from old man Meggarty and Eric forcing himself on her. 
Weak Lacking power e.g. losing her job at Milwards because she was working class and Sheila had more power to influence the manager.
Underprivileged (of a person) not enjoying the same standard of living or rights as the majority of people in a society e.g. Eva was a working class girl living in 1912 where there was a huge divide between the social classes.
Stalwart Loyal, reliable, and hard-working e.g. Mr Birling stated she held these qualities, her work at Milwards was also praised.
Broken (of a person) having given up all hope: despairing e.g. Eva’s fate, she committed suicide.
Desperate Feeling or showing a hopeless sense that a situation is so bad as to be impossible to deal with e.g. using the name Mrs Birling, and creating a lie about the father of the baby when she visited Mrs Birling’s charity.
Emblematic Serving as a symbol of a particular quality or concept; symbolic e.g. when the inspector says ‘One Eva Smith has gone – but there are millions and millions of Eva Smith’s and John Smith’s still left with their lives, their hopes and fears all intertwined with our lives’

Year 11 Mocks Revision help

You can search this blog for everything you need to know for the mocks.  Either use the categories search or search bar.

Remember you will be examined on:

AQA English Language Paper 2 and AQA English Literature Paper 2 (An Inspector Calls, P&C Poetry, Unseen Poetry)

We have also created some playlists on http://www.gcsepod.com  – see the links below:

P&C Poetry: https://members.gcsepod.com/shared/playlists/playlist/944540

AIC Playlist: https://members.gcsepod.com/shared/playlists/playlist/944552

Unseen Poetry Playlist: https://members.gcsepod.com/shared/playlists/playlist/944556

I haven’t been that impressed with the English Language resources available on the website so instead please utilise what is available on this blog and ask your teacher for additional resources for that.