Year 9, Week 6 – Revise the main word classes:
Nouns: These are words for things.
Common nouns are words that name a type of person or thing e.g. dog, caretaker, man, clarinet, doctor.
Proper nouns are words are the names of particular people and places, groups, months and days of the week. They always have a capital letter.
e.g. Arsenal, January, Tuesday, Jonathan, London
Collective nouns are words for a group of things.
e.g. pack of wolves, pride of lions, school of fish, bunch of flowers, herd of cows, fleet of lorries
Abstract nouns are things, ideas or concepts that you cannot touch, see or hear.
e.g. anger, happiness, freedom, joy, life, truth, boredom, wish, confusion
Verbs: These are words for actions
e.g. kick, wish, jump, eat, throw, shout
They are also words for being, using the verb to be
e.g. am, is, were, are, was
Verbs can help to form the active voice when the person doing the verb comes before the verb e.g.
e.g. Darren made a lasagne.
In the passive voice, the person doing the verb comes after the verb. Darren is no longer the subject of the sentence but he is still doing the verb.
e.g. The lasagne was made by Darren.
Adjectives: Adjectives help to describe nouns.
e.g. The blue hat looked best. I was very anxious. The ice-cream was huge.
Comparative adjectives COMPARE things to other things
e.g. good has a comparative adjective : better
Superlative adjectives compare things to other things by saying that they are the most successful at what they do!
e.g. good has a superlative adjective: best
You may remember that there are different spelling rules to forming comparative and superlative adjectives.
||tall + er = taller
||tall + est = tallest
||large + r = larger
||large + st = largest
||big + g+er = bigger
||big + g + est = biggest
Two syllable (and more) adjectives do not change like this. Instead, you add more or most to make the comparative and superlative forms.
Beautiful More beautiful most beautiful
Adverbs help to describe verbs.
e.g. He walked away slowly. Or Suddenly, I could see further.
Most adverbs end in –ly but not all. For instance, John came home late. Late is an adverb as it qualifies how John does the verb.
Adverbs can also help to describe adjectives.
Very, really and quite are all adverbs that help to describe adjectives:
e.g. a very happy dog
Adverbs can also help to describe other adverbs
e.g. Aisha runs really slowly.